online syllabus:

http://people.emich.edu/

acoykenda/315/f04

electronic reserve:

http://reserves.emich.edu/

(315)

listserv website:

http://list.emich.edu/pipermail/

coylit315/

listserv address:

coylit315@list.emich.edu

 

 

~ schedule ~


 

Literature 315: Enlightenment and Its Discontents

Studies in Restoration and Eighteenth-Century

British Literature, 1660-1815 

fall 2004

Dr. Abby Coykendall

acoykenda@emich.edu
http://people.emich.edu/acoykenda/

Office Phone: (734) 487-0147

Office Location: Pray-Harrold Hall 603G

Office Hours: Wednesday 10-12; Friday 10-1

~ or email for an appointment ~ 

Section Registration # 13975
Monday, Wednesday, Friday
1:00 - 1:50 PM
Pray-Harrold Hall 319

 

 

Enlightenment and Its Discontents: Studies in Restoration and Eighteenth-Century British Literature

­Literature 315, otherwise known as “Literature of the Neoclassical Period,” is a class in which we will investigate a wide variety of British literature from the period that spans the late seventeenth, eighteenth, and early nineteenth centuries.  This period is generally referred to as the “long” eighteenth century in order to account for the revolutions that precede and conclude the eighteenth century, both of which influence the direction of British literary culture profoundly; namely, the Restoration (of the monarchy) following the Civil War and, of course, the French Revolution, the period’s spectacular fin de siècle denouement.  In addition to neoclassicism, which is only one of many aesthetics prevalent at the time and not necessarily the most interesting nor even the most important one, we will consider a number of other genres also representative of the period, whether they be gothic, orientalist, libertine, or sentimental, or even those prevailing in the visual arts such as the picturesque, chinoiserie, or rococo. 

Perhaps more than any other period, the eighteenth century represents a moment that we must evaluate and reevaluate to challenge the values of our own time.  Although often considered the quaint, tea-and-crumpets blueprint for civil societies across the globe, the British eighteenth century witnesses both the positives and negatives of modernity in the extreme.  Thus, in midst of a massive expansion of the slave trade, the birth of the market economy and finance capitalism, as well as an increasingly rigid sex-gender system (culminating in “Angle of the House” Victorian domesticity), we find a celebration of art and culture that students of literature still cannot help but admire.  We will test both the apocalyptic and utopian visions of the British enlightenment through a diverse array of texts that put issues of modernity at the fore.  And ultimately whether discussing literature or world events, we will attempt to expand rather than confine our engagement with the material, not only putting literary works in dialogue with the historical and philosophical texts of the time, but also examining how they shape the myriad claims to (and contestations against) modernity that still continue to vex our own.

 

Required Texts

The following books are available at Ned’s bookstore (http://www.nedsbooks.com/emu/; 483-6400; 707 W. Cross St.), although additional copies may be available at other EMU bookstores:

 

·  Norton Anthology of English Literature: The Restoration and Eighteenth Century, Vol. 1C, Ed. Lawrence Lipking (Norton 1999; ISBN #0393975673).  This book is also available on reserve in Halle Library, but if you use this version, photocopy the required pages so that you can refer to them in class.

·  Henry Fielding, Jonathan Wild, Ed. Claude Rawson (Oxford 2003; ISBN # 0192804081)

·  Ann Radcliffe, The Italian, Ed. E. J.  Clery (Oxford 1998; ISBN #0192832549)

Make sure to get the same editions pictured and listed above; otherwise, the differing page numbers will make it difficult, if not impossible, for you to follow along with class discussions.  Many other required texts are located in the Electronic Reserve: http://reserves.emich.edu/.  It is best to print out the Electronic Reserve materials in one sitting every few weeks in advance from the multimedia computers on the first floor of the Halle library.  These computers are more likely to be able to open the files (and to open them quickly) than your own computer.  If you experience any difficulty viewing these texts on your own computer, see the link “Problems viewing PDF or other file formats? Read this!”  You may need to download small versions applications (Adobe, MS Word, etc.) in order to open them. 

 

Assignments

Nothing is more vital for success in this class than keeping up with, and actively engaging in, the daily reading assignments and class discussions.  Make sure to bring a copy of each text that we will be discussing to class.  You will have to have read the assigned material, and have it on hand, when I call on you in class or when we do group work, which will be often.  There may be periodic, unannounced quizzes to ensure that you are keeping up with the reading.  As with any university course, the homework will take around two hours for every hour of class, so you can expect to spend six hours each week completing the various assignments and readings.  

 

There will be a large number of writing assignments: informal responses, two essay exams, and a polished research essay.  The responses will be posted to the class listserv (coylit101@list.emich.edu), but they may also be handwritten if you prefer privacy or have difficulty accessing the internet.  Each response should be at least 400 words, or roughly two paragraphs and one page, although longer (or more engaged) responses will not only enhance your grade, but also increase the ability of other students and myself to offer feedback.  The primary difference between a response and an essay is that with the response, the mechanical elements of writing do not matter in the least, and the goal is to freely and openly express ideas; whereas, with the essay, the mechanical elements of writing must be attended to very thoroughly and the goal is to defend a focused argument clearly, coherently, and persuasively. 

 

Guidelines on the research essay will be available in the ER and online: http://people.emich.edu/ acoykenda/315/research315.htm.  The exams will consist only of essay questions, which I will distribute to you in advance.  You will be able refer to an outline during the exams, but not to the texts themselves.

 

Grading

 

20%

Responses, Participation, Research Proposal & Presentation

Due Date:

25%

Essay Exam (Section 1): The Global Eighteenth Century

September 27

25%

Essay Exam (Section 2): Inventions, Ideologies: Sexuality & Gender

October 25

30%

6-pg. Research Essay on Fielding or Radcliffe

December 20

(11 AM)

 

The participation grade, largely based on responses, quizzes, and the research project, is a considerable portion of your final grade — 20% — so keep up with the reading and response assignments and make your voice heard in class.  Late responses are marked down only minimally, but must be turned in within a week of the initial due date.  Your total response points will be averaged, put on a fair grading curve, and then bumped up or down slightly depending on how actively you engage in class discussions. 

 

Any essay that is shorter than the required length will be marked down in proportion to the pages missing.  For instance, a 4 1/2-page essay that is supposed to be 6 pages can receive at most a grade of 75%, or C, since it is missing ¼ of the required length.  Likewise, any late essay will drop a third of a grade for each class late; that is, an A paper will turn into A- if turned in one class late, an A paper will turn into B+ if turned in two classes late, and so on.   

Academic Dishonesty

Plagiarism is a very serious offense against the Code of Student Conduct.  According to Funk and WagnallsNew Standard Dictionary, plagiarism is the act of “appropriating the ideas, writings, or inventions of another without due acknowledgment; specifically, the stealing of passages either for word or in substance, from the writings of another and publishing them as one’s own.”  The general rule is that if you use three or more words of another writer in a row without enclosing those words in quotation marks and acknowledging your source, you are guilty of plagiarism.  Turning a paper in that you wrote for another class for this class, i.e. recycling the same words for double credit, also constitutes academic dishonesty at EMU. 

 

With the internet, plagiarism is easy and tempting to do; however, the internet also makes plagiarism that much more easy to catch and document, so do not even think about doing it in this class or elsewhere.  Any plagiarized writing or cheating on the exams will automatically result in a failing, zero-percent grade for the assignment.  Thus, if you plagiarize the final research essay, you can expect, at most, to receive a C- (or 70%) for your final grade, supposing that you did everything else perfectly, and if you plagiarize or cheat on the exams, you can expect, at most, to receive a C (or 75%) for your final grade, again supposing that you did everything else perfectly. 

 

Course Itinerary

 

Section One:

The Global Eighteenth Century

 Main Assignment:

Essay Exam One 

Selections from Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels and Equiano’s Interesting Narrative; Steele’s “Inkle and Yarico” and Addison’s “Royal Exchange”

Theorist: Edward Said

Section Two:

Inventions, Ideologies: Sexuality and Gender

Main Assignment:

Essay Exam Two

Restoration Poetry (Rochester, Behn); Selections from novelists (Defoe Roxana, Goldsmith Vicar, Burney Journal, & Haywood Fantomina); Pope’s Rape of the Lock; Hogarth, Marriage A-la-Mode

Theorist: Ruth Perry

Section Three:

Early Eighteenth-Century Underworld: Rogues & Rogue Governments

Main Assignment:

 

Six-page Research Essay on Fielding or Radcliffe

John Gay’s Beggar’s Opera

Henry Fielding’s Jonathan Wild

Gore Verbinski’s Pirates of the Caribbean

Theorist: Claude Rawson

Section Four:

Late Eighteenth-Century Underworld: Counter-Culture, Counter-Revolution, & the Surfeit of Conformity

 

Ann Radcliffe’s Italian

Theorist: E. J.  Clery

 

Attendance

Because this class primarily consists of reading and discussion — rather than facts, figures, or memorization — attendance is crucial.  You may be absent five times without penalty.  Each absence after that will result in a reduction of your final grade by one-third the letter grade: that is, the sixth class missed will turn a final grade of an A into an A-; the seventh, into a B+; and so on.  Aside from the grade reduction, missing classes will hinder your ability to do the assignments properly and promptly.  If you are absent from class, contact another student to fill you in on missed work before contacting me.  Above all, make sure to withdraw from the course if you find that you cannot attend class regularly or fall too far behind in the reading. 

 

The five absences are for emergencies, so if you ditch the class five times, do not expect a reprieve from the rule if you become ill or have other extenuating circumstances towards the end of the semester.  If there is a documented emergency (a death in the family, lost limb, prison term, &c.) at the end of the semester, I will go out of my way to help in any way I can, including giving an incomplete, supposing that you have otherwise kept up with the assignments, attended class regularly, and finished a majority of the course. 

 

If you are not chronically late, there will be no penalty for lateness.  However, lateness can have several undesirable consequences: you may miss crucial information (such as the extension of a deadline) often covered in the first ten minutes of class, and of course you will likely distract other students and myself while entering the room.  It is your responsibility to ensure that you have not been marked absent because you were late.    

 

Schedule

Section One — The Global Eighteenth Century

Wednesday, September 1: Introduction to the Course; Conjectural response on the 18th Century / Homework: Review the syllabus and write down any questions that you have; Get books; Read background on Jonathan Swift’s “Lady’s Dressing Room” (NA 2298-99, 2584-85); Read (and re-read) Swift, “Lady’s Dressing Room” (NA 2585-88); Read Lady Mary Wortley Montagu’s “Reasons” (NA 2588-90); View Miss Hoare’s and Lady Ossory’s “Modern Venus” in the Electronic Reserves (ER) at http://reserves.emich.edu/ (315); Subscribe to the class listserv at https://list.emich.edu/mailman/listinfo/coylit315 [9 pgs.]

 

Friday, September 3: Discuss Swift’s “Lady’s Dressing Room” / Homework: Begin reading “The Restoration and Eighteenth Century” from the Longman Anthology, Part I, 905-915 (ER); Read “The Restoration and Eighteenth Century” in the Norton Anthology (NA), pgs. 2045-53; Write a response on Swift’s “Lady’s Dressing Room,” drawing on the background information in the Longman or Norton anthologies in some fashion; Send your response as an email in plain text to the listserv address at coylit315@list.emich.edu (if you use my.emich, the email will automatically be in plain text); For confirmation or to see other responses, visit the listserv archives at http://list.emich.edu/pipermail/coylit315/; Email your response to acoykenda@emich.edu if you have any difficulty.  There will be extra credit for the student who posts the first response.  This response and all other responses are due by the next class period, but if you post by 7 PM on the previous evening, you will get it back much earlier [18 pgs.]

 

Monday, September 6: No Class — Labor Day Recess

 

Wednesday, September 8: Introduction to the Period / Homework: Read Jonathan Swift, Gulliver’s Travels, Introductory Material, Chapter 1-2 of Part I (NA 2329-30; 2334-46) [14 pgs.]

 

Friday, September 10: Discuss Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels / Homework: Read Edward Said, “Imaginative Geography and Its Representations,” Orientalism (ER, 5 pgs.); Swift, Gulliver’s Travels, Chapter 5-6 of Part I (NA 2354-64) [15 pgs.]

 

Monday, September 13: Watch and Discuss Edward Said on Orientalism / Homework: Consult Discussion Questions on Gulliver’s Travels (ER); Read Swift, Gulliver’s Travels, Chapter 1-2 of Part II (NA 2372-83); If you missed class, watch the versions on reserve at Halle library [12 pgs.]

 

Wednesday, September 15: Discuss Said’s Orientalism and Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels / Homework: Read Swift, Gulliver’s Travels, Chapter 3 & 5 of Part II (NA 2383-89, 2392-98) [12 pgs.]

 

Friday, September 17: In-Class Response on Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels; Begin Groupwork / Homework: Read Swift, Gulliver’s Travels, Chapter 8 of Part II and Chapter 2 of Part III (NA 2407-19) [12 pgs.]

 

Monday, September 20: Continue Groupwork on Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels / Homework: Read Background on Joseph Addison and Richard Steele (NA 2479-81); Read Addison, “The Royal Exchange,” Spectator #69 (ER, 4 pgs.); Steele, “Inkle and Yarico,” Spectator #11 (ER 47-51); Write a response on Addison or Steele, drawing on Said’s Orientalism in some fashion and sending it as an email in plain text to the listserv address at coylit315@list.emich.edu [11 pgs.]

 

Wednesday, September 22: Discuss Coffee-House Capitalism / Homework: Olaudah Equiano, Interesting Narrative (NA 2812-21) [9 pgs.]

 

Friday, September 24: Discuss Sympathy Tragic & Transcontinental / Homework: Review and prepare outline for Exam One.  If you are absent, a review sheet for the exam will be available in the ER.  ** Optional: Read “Taking Essay Examinations” (ER)

 

Monday, September 27: Exam One (The Global Eighteenth Century) / Homework: Review William Hogarth’s Marriage A-la-Mode (NA 2652-59); Better images are available online at http://www.haleysteele.com/hogarth/plates/marriage.html (or the ER), but read the contextual material in the anthology as well [7 pgs.]

 

Section Two — Inventions, Ideologies: Sexuality and Gender

Wednesday, September 29: Watch Hogarth’s Marriage à la Mode / Homework: Finish “The Restoration and Eighteenth Century,” Part II, from the Longman Anthology (ER 915-28) [13 pgs.]

 

Friday, October 1: Discuss Hogarth, Cultural Context / Homework: Read “The Restoration and Eighteenth Century” in the Norton Anthology (NA 2053-60); Read Earl of Rochester, “Disabled Debauchee” and “The Imperfect Enjoyment” (NA 2162-65); Read Aphra Behn, “The Disappointment” (NA 2165-70) [13 pgs.]

 

Monday, October 4: Discuss Restoration Literature, Rochester, and Behn / Homework: Read “The Restoration and Eighteenth Century” in the Norton Anthology (NA 2060-68); Read selections from Daniel Defoe, Roxana (NA 2284-91); Read selections from Oliver Goldsmith, The Vicar of Wakefield (ER 9-12) [16 pgs.]

 

Wednesday, October 6: Discuss Defoe and Goldsmith / Homework: Read Eliza Haywood, Fantomina (ER, 16 pgs.)

 

Friday, October 8: Discuss Haywood / Homework: Read Ruth Perry, “Colonizing the Breast,” Part I (ER 185-199); Frances Burney, Journal and Letters (NA 2783-88; 2791-93) [21 pgs.]

 

Monday, October 11: Discuss Perry, Burney / Homework: Read Ruth Perry, “Colonizing the Breast,” Part II (ER 200-208); Frances Burney, Journal and Letters (NA 2798-2805) [15 pgs.]

 

Wednesday, October 13: Discuss Perry, Burney / Homework: Read Background on Alexander Pope, Rape of the Lock (NA 2505-8; 2525-26); Read (and Re-Read) Pope, Rape, “Letter to Mrs. Arabella Fermor” & Canto 1-2 (NA 2527-33) [17 pgs.]

 

Friday, October 15: Discuss Pope, Sexualities Restoration & Neoclassical / Homework: Consult the handout on the Battle of the Sexes debate (ER), especially the propositions; Read (and Re-Read) Alexander Pope, Rape of the Lock, Canto 3-5 (NA 2533-44) [22 pgs.]

 

Monday, October 18: Discuss Pope, Sexualities Amazon & African / Homework: Re-Read Pope, Rape of the Lock in its entirety; Write an extended response (500 words) on Pope’s Rape and one of the other works that we have read so far for Section Two, drawing on Perry’s “Colonizing the Breast” in some fashion and sending it as an email in plain text to the listserv address at coylit315@list.emich.edu

 

Wednesday, October 20: Discuss Responses, Begin Groupwork on Rape of the Lock / Homework: Prepare for Debate

 

Friday, October 22: Debate on Rape of the Lock / Homework: Review and Prepare Outline for Essay Exam Two (Monday, October 25); If you are absent, a review sheet for the exam will be available in the ER.  ** Optional: Read “Taking Essay Examinations” (ER)

 

Monday, October 25: Essay Exam Two (Sexuality and Gender) / Homework: Read Selections from John Gay, The Beggar’s Opera, including Background; Introduction; Act 1, Scene 1, 3-4, 7-11; Act 2, Scene 1-4; and Act 3, Scene 14-17 (NA 2605-18, 2621-26; 2650-52); Review the “Guidelines on the Research Essay” (ER) and “Researching Literature” (ER) [20 pgs.]

 

Section Three — Early Eighteenth-Century Underworld: Rogues and Rogue Governments

Wednesday, October 27: Discuss Criminal Biography, the Novel, & the Research Essay / Homework: Read Henry Fielding, Jonathan Wild (ix-5) [35 pgs.]

 

Friday, October 29: We will Watch and Discuss Gore Verbinski’s Pirates of the Caribbean from 6:30-9:30 PM in Room 300 of the Halle Library in lieu of the regularly scheduled class; Feel free to bring friends or family; If you cannot make it to the screening, watch one of the versions (DVD or VCR) on reserve in the library; Classes will resume Friday, November 5 / Homework: Read Jonathan Wild (6-40) [34 pgs.]

 

Monday, November 1: Film Screening Wednesday in lieu of the regularly scheduled class / Homework: Read Jonathan Wild (41-75) [34 pgs.]

 

Wednesday, November 3: Film Screening Wednesday in lieu of the regularly scheduled class / Homework: Read Jonathan Wild (76-110) [34 pgs.]

 

Friday, November 5: Discuss Pirates, the Outlaw, & Rogue Economics / Homework: Read Fielding, Jonathan Wild (111-45) [35 pgs.]

 

Monday, November 8: Discuss Fielding / Homework: Finish Fielding, Jonathan Wild (146-81); Write a response comparing and contrasting Jonathan Wild and Pirates of the Caribbean, drawing on Claude Rawson’s introduction to Jonathan Wild and sending it as an email in plain text to the listserv address at coylit315@list.emich.edu [35 pgs.]

 

Wednesday, November 10: Groupwork on Gay, Fielding, & Pirates / Homework: Read Radcliffe, The Italian (vii-23) [47 pgs.]

 

Section Four — Late Eighteenth-Century Underworld: Counter-Culture, Counter-Revolution, and the Surfeit of Conformity

Friday, November 12: Discuss Radcliffe / Homework: Read Radcliffe, The Italian (24-71) [47 pgs.]

 

Monday, November 15: Discuss Radcliffe / Homework: Read Radcliffe, The Italian (72-119) [47 pgs.]

 

Wednesday, November 17: Revisit Conjectural Responses / Homework: Read Radcliffe, The Italian (120-167) [47 pgs.]

 

Friday, November 19: Discuss Radcliffe / Homework: Review discussion questions for Radcliffe (ER); Read Radcliffe, The Italian (168-215) [47 pgs.]

 

Monday, November 22: Discuss Radcliffe / Homework: Read Radcliffe, The Italian (216-310); Write a response on one of the discussion questions, drawing on E. J. Clery’s introduction to The Italian and sending it as an email in plain text to the listserv address at coylit315@list.emich.edu [94 pgs.]

 

Wednesday, November 24 - Friday, November 26: No Class — Thanksgiving Recess

 

Monday, November 29: Discuss Radcliffe / Homework: Read Radcliffe, The Italian (311-358) [47 pgs.]

 

Wednesday, December 1: Extra-Credit Research Presentations / Homework: Finish Radcliffe, The Italian (359-415) [56 pgs.]

 

Friday, December 3: No Class — Spring Recess

 

Monday, December 6: In-Class Response on The Italian / Homework: Work on Research Project

 

Wednesday, December 8: Research Presentations / Homework: Work on Research Project

 

Friday, December 10: Research Presentations / Homework: Work on Research Project

 

Wednesday, December 15, 1:00 - 2:30 PM: Research Presentations; Missing this class will count as two absences / Homework: Work on Research Essay

 

Monday, December 20 at 11 AM: Six-Page Research Essay Due.  Either drop it in my mailbox in the English Department (612 Pray Harrold) or slide it under my office door (603G Pray Harrold); If the office is closed, you can approach the mailboxes from the back hallway; Anything handed in after 11 AM sharp will not be given any credit.