Armitage Research Group

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Welcome to the Armitage group website.  Here you can learn more about our ongoing research projects in archaeological chemistry, where we apply analytical chemistry methods to historic and ancient materials to better understand human behavior in the past.

 



My TEDxEMU talk on archaeological chemistry
ACS Press Conference on Archaeological Chemistry Symposium, Spring 2013
C&E News feature on Archaeological Chemistry Symposium, Spring 2013 (starts at 2:00)

Dr. Armitage's CV

Current research projects include:

Friends and Resources (links open in a new window)


Courses taught: Instrumental Analysis, Archaeological Chemistry, Advanced Analytical Chemistry

Photos and Former Group Members

Publications (student co-authors underlined)

Books

coverArchaeological Chemistry, 3rd edition.  A. M. Pollard, C. Heron, and R. A. Armitage.  Royal Society of Chemistry.  2017.  ISBN 978-1-78262-426-4.











cover2Archaeological Chemistry VIII, ACS Symposium Series, Volume 1147, 2013.  Senior editor, with J. H. Burton as co-editor.









cover3Collaborative Endeavors in the Chemical Analysis of Art and Cultural Heritage Materials, ACS Symposium Series, Volume 1103, 2012.  Co-editor, with P. Lang as senior editor.





Journal Articles (most recent)

Armitage, R. A.; Jakes, K. A., Sequencing Analytical Methods for Small Sample Dating and Dye Identification of Textile Fibers: Application to a Fragment from Seip Mound Group, Ohio. Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology 2015, 20 (1), 1-15.  Restricted access.

Armitage, R. A.; Jakes, K. A.; Day, C. J., Direct Analysis in Real Time-Mass Spectroscopy for Identification of Red Dye Colorants in Paracas Necropolis Textiles. Science and Technology in Archaeological Research 2015, 1 (2), STAR2015122054892315Y.0000000009.  

Armitage, R. A.; Day, C. J.; Jakes, K. A., Identification of Anthraquinone Dye Colorants in Red Fibers from an Ohio Hopewell Burial Mound by Direct Analysis in Real Time Mass Spectrometry. Science and Technology in Archaeological Research 2015, 1 (2), STAR2015122054892315Y.0000000010.

Ruuska, A. K.; Armitage, R. A., Spider Man Cave: The Desecration of the Burnt Bluff Cultural Site and its Implications for Future Heritage Management. Wisconsin Archaeologist 2015, 96 (1), 27-44.  Available on Prof. Ruuska's ResearchGate page.

Baker, S.; Armitage, R. A., Cueva la Conga: First Karst Cave Archaeology in Nicaragua. Latin American Antiquity 2013, 24 (3), 309-329.  Limited access.

Fraser, D.; Selvius DeRoo, C.; Cody, R. B.; Armitage, R. A., Characterization of blood in an encrustation on an African mask: spectroscopic and direct analysis in real time mass spectrometric identification of haem. Analyst 2013, 138, 4470-4474.  Restricted access.

Ruiz López, J. F.; Hernanz, A.; Armitage, R. A.; Viñas, R.; Gavira-Vallejo, J. M.; Rowe, M. W.; Rubio, A.; Gavrilenko, E.; Guilderson, T. A., Calcium oxalate AMS 14C dating and chronology of post-Paleolithic rock paintings in the Iberian Peninsula. Two dates from Abrigo de los Oculados (Henarejos, Cuenca, Spain). J. Archaeol. Sci. 2012, 39 (8), 2655-2667.  Limited access.

Selvius DeRoo, C.; Armitage, R. A., Direct Identification of Dyes in Textiles by Direct Analysis in Real Time-Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry. Anal. Chem. 2011, 83 (18), 6924.  Limited access.

Livingston, A.; Robinson, E.; Armitage, R. A., Characterizing the binders in rock paintings by THM-GC–MS: La Casa de Las Golondrinas, Guatemala, a cautionary tale for radiocarbon dating. Int. J. Mass Spec. 2009, 284 (1-3), 142-151.

Fezzey, S.; Armitage, R. A., Pyrolysis GC/MS and THM-GC/MS studies of a black coating from Little Lost River Cave, Idaho. J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis 2006, 77, 102–110.

Armitage, R. A.; Minc, L.; Hill, D. V.; Hurry, S. D., Characterization of bricks and tiles from the 17th-century brick Chapel, St. Mary's City, Maryland. J. Archaeol. Sci. 2006, 33 (5), 615-627.

Book chapters (most recent)

Armitage, R. A., Chemistry in Archaeology.  In The SAS Encyclopedia of Archaeological Science, Lopez Varela, S., Ed. Wiley-Blackwell: 2017. (Invited; in press)

Kaktins, M.; Marquis, M.; Armitage, R. A.; Fraser, D., Mary Washington’s Mended Ceramics: A Study of Eighteenth-Century Glues. In Ceramics in America, Hunter, R., Ed. Chipstone Foundation: 2017.

Armitage, R. A., Gas Chromatography. In Encyclopedia of Geoarchaeology, Gilbert, A. S., Ed. Springer: Netherlands, 2015. (Invited)

DeRoo, C. S.; Armitage, R. A., Analysis of Organic Dyes in Textiles by Direct Analysis in Real Time–Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry. In Textile Specialty Group Postprints, 2014; Vol. 24, pp 113-115.

Fraser, D.; Kaktins, M.; Armitage, R. A., 18th-Century Glue Recipes: Towards Identifying Glue Residues from Ferry Farm, George Washington's Boyhood Home. In Archaeological Chemistry VIII, Armitage, R. A.; Burton, J. H., Eds. American Chemical Society: 2013; Vol. 1147, pp 109-121.

Dhakal, B.; Armitage, R. A., GC-MS Characterization of Carbohydrates in an Archaeological Use Residue: A Case Study from the Coahuila Desert. In Archaeological Chemistry VIII, Armitage, R. A.; Burton, J. H., Eds. American Chemical Society: 2013; Vol. 1147, pp 157-170.

Day, C. J.; Selvius DeRoo, C.; Armitage, R. A., Developing Direct Analysis in Real Time Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometric Methods for Identification of Organic Dyes in Historic Wool Textiles. In Archaeological Chemistry VIII, Armitage, R. A.; Burton, J. H., Eds. ACS: Washington, DC, 2013; Vol. 1147, pp 69-85.

Li, R.; Baker, S.; DeRoo, C. S.; Armitage, R. A., Characterization of the Binders and Pigments in the Rock Paintings of Cueva la Conga, Nicaragua. In Collaborative Endeavors in the Chemical Analysis of Art and Cultural Heritage Materials, Lang, P. L.; Armitage, R. A., Eds. American Chemical Society: 2012; Vol. 1103, pp 75-89.

Hopkins, J.; Armitage, R. A., Characterizing Organic Residues on Ceramics by Direct Analysis in Real Time Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry. In Collaborative Endeavors in the Chemical Analysis of Art and Cultural Heritage Materials, Lang, P. L.; Armitage, R. A., Eds. American Chemical Society: 2012; Vol. 1103, pp 131-142.

Geiger, J.; Armitage, R. A.; Selvius DeRoo, C., Identification of Organic Dyes by Direct Analysis in Real Time-Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry. In Collaborative Endeavors in the Chemical Analysis of Art and Cultural Heritage Materials, Lang, P. L.; Armitage, R. A., Eds. American Chemical Society: 2012; Vol. 1103, pp 123-129.

Armitage, R. A.; Ellis, M. E.; Merrell, C., New Developments in the 'Nondestructive' Dating of Perishable Artifacts Using Plasma-Chemical Oxidation. In Collaborative Endeavors in the Chemical Analysis of Art and Cultural Heritage Materials, Lang, P. L.; Armitage, R. A., Eds. American Chemical Society: 2012; Vol. 1103, pp 143-154.