Possible Topics for the Research Essay:

Related Television and Film:

20,000 Thousand Leagues under the Sea, dir. Richard Fleischer

Interview with a Vampire, dir. Neil Jordan

Alien series, dir. Ridley Scott

Invasion of the Body Snatchers (1956, 1978)

American History X, dir. Tony Kaye

Jack the Ripper, dir. Jess Franco

American Psycho, dir. Mary Harron

Jarhead, dir. Sam Mendes

The Big Sleep, dir. Howard Hawks

Jaws series, dir. Steven Spielberg

Buffy the Vampire Slayer (Film and Television Series)

King Kong (1933, 1976, 2005)

Cannibals and Carnivals (1918)

Living Dead series, dir. George Romero

C.H.U.D. (“Cannibalistic Humanoid Underground Dwellers”)

Man With a Golden Arm, dir. Otto Preminger

Clockwork Orange, dir. Stanley Kubrick

No Blade of Grass, dir. Cornel Wilde

Crash, Naked Lunch, or any other Cronenberg film

Parents, dir. Bob Balaban

Cronos, dir. Guillermo del Toro

Pirates of the Caribbean series, dir. Gore Verbinski

Cujo, dir. Lewis Teague

Reefer Madness (1936, 2004)

Delicatessen, dir. Gilles Adrien

Rocky Horror Picture Show, dir. Jim Sharman


Serial Mom, John Waters

Dracula, dir. Francis Ford Coppola / Wes Craven / Todd Browning

Seven, dir. David Fincher

Eating Raoul, dir. Paul Bartel

The Shining, dir. Stanley Kubrick

The End of the Spear, dir. Jim Hanon

Silence of the Lambs, Jonathan Demme

The Exorcist, dir. William Friedkin

Sin City, dir. Robert Rodriguez and Frank Miller

Faster, Pussycat! Kill! Kill!  dir. Russ Meyer

Sopranos, Dexter, or Oz Series, HBO

Fight Club, dir. David Fincher

Soylent Green, dir. Richard Fleischer

Flow: For Love of Water, dir. Irena Salina.

Suddenly Last Summer, dir. Joseph Mankiewicz (Tennessee Williams)

Freeway, dir. Matthew Bright (adaptation of Little Red Riding Hood)

Sweeney Todd, dir. Tim Burton

Frenzy, Rope, Virago, Psycho, Marnie, The Birds, or other Hitchcock flicks

The Story of Stuff, dir. Annie Leonard

Fried Green Tomatoes, dir. Jon Avnet

Tarzan series, dir. W. S. Van Dyke and Richard Thorpe

Full Metal Jacket, Stanley Kubrick

The Texas Chainsaw Massacre, dir. Tobe Hooper

The Hills Have Eyes, dir. Alexandre Aja or Wes Craven

The Time Machine (2002, 1960)

The Hunger, dir. Tony Scott

The Yes Men, dir. Dan Ollman et. al.

Related Literature:

Andreas and The Fates of the Apostles: Two Anglo-Saxon Narrative Poems

Zora Neale Hurston, Their Eyes Were Watching God

Joseph Addison, “Royal Exchange,” Spectator #69

John Keats, “The Tiger”

Mario de Andrade, Macunaima

Stephan King, Carrie, Cujo, and The Shining

Oswald Andrade, “Cannibal Manifesto” (Latin American Surrealism)

Jamaica Kincaide, A Small Place

Antonin Artaud, Collected Works

Elizabeth Kostova, The Historian

John Ashton, “Poor Workhouse Boy,” Modern Street Ballads

Charles Lamb, A Dissertation Upon Roast Pig

Margaret Atwood, Edible Woman

Mathew Lewis, The Monk

J. G. Ballard, Crash

James Logan, The Scottish Gaël; Or, Celtic Manners (Edinburgh, 1831)

Charles Baudelaire, The Flowers of Evil

H. P. Lovecraft, “Herbert West: Reanimator”

William Blake, “The Tiger” and “The Lamb”

Bernard Mandeville, Fable of the Bees; Or, Private Vices, Publick Benefits

L. Frank Baum, Wizard of Oz Series

Charles Robert Maturin, Melmoth the Wanderer

William Beckford, Vathek and “Prince Alasi and the Princess Firouzkah”

Herman Melville, Moby Dick and Typee

Aphra Behn, Oroonoko and “History of the Nun”

Toni Morrison, Beloved

Ambrose Bierce, “Chickamauga”

Thomas Nagel, “What Is It Like To Be a Bat?”

Emily Bronte, Wuthering Heights

Robert Nye, Cannibal Family of Sawney Bean & Other Stories of …Scotland)

Robert Browning, “My Last Duchess” and “Porphyria’s Lover”

Tim O'Brien, “The Things They Carried”

William S. Burroughs, Naked Lunch

Ovid, The Metamorphosis, Book 15

Poppy Z. Brite, Exquisite Corpse

Chuck Palahniuk, Fight Club

Edmund Burke, Reflections on the Revolution in France

George Psalmanazar, Description of Formosa (forged cannibal ethnography)

Angela Carter, The Bloody Chamber

Marge Piercy, “The Secretary Chant”

Raymond Chandler, The Big Sleep

Sylvia Plath, “Daddy”

P. B. du Chaillu, Explorations and Adventures in Equatorial Africa

Plutrarch, “Banquet of the Seven Wise Men,” Moralia

John Cleland, Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure

Edgar Allan Poe, Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym

Samuel Taylor Coleridge, “Rime of the Ancient Mariner”

Alexander Pope, Rape of the Lock

Wilkie Collins, The Moonstone

Annie Proulx, “Brokeback Mountain”

Maryse Condé, Histoire de la femme cannibale

Thomas de Quincey, Confessions of an English Opium Eater

Joseph Conrad, Heart of Darkness

Samuel Richardson, Clarissa, or, the History of a Young Lady

Andrei Codrescu, The Blood Countess

Ann Rice, Interview with a Vampire

Michael Crichton, Eaters of the Dead

Earl of Rochester [John Wilmont], “Satyr against Reason and Mankind”

Roald Dahl, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory

Christina Rossetti, “Goblin Market”

William Diapea, Cannibal Jack: A White Man in the South Seas

Marquis de Sade, 120 Days of Sodom, Justine, or Philosophy of the Bedroom

Arthur Conan Doyle, Sign of Four

Maurice Sendak, Where the Wild Things Are

Ralph Ellison, “Battle Royal”

William Shakespeare, Macbeth and Titus Andronicus

Euripides, The Bacchae

Mary Shelley, Frankenstein

W. S. Gilbert, “Yarn of the Nancy Bell” (parody of “The Rime”)

Tobias Smollett, The Expedition of Humphry Clinker

Allen Ginsberg, “Howl”

Hans Staden, “Captive to Cannibals” (1557), American Captivity Narratives

Seth Grahame-Smith, Pride and Prejudice and Zombies

Bram Stoker, Dracula

Thomas Gray, “Ode on the Death of a Favorite Cat”

Jonathan Swift, “Modest Proposal” and Gulliver's Travels

H. Rider Haggard, King Solomon’s Mines

Jules Verne, 20,000 Thousand Leagues under the Sea

Thomas Harris, Red Dragon and Silence of the Lambs

Horace Walpole, “Account of the Giants Lately Discovered”

Nathaniel Hawthorne, “The Birthmark”

E. B. White, “Death of a Pig”

E. T. A. Hoffmann, "The Sandman"

Oscar Wilde, Portrait of Dorian Gray

William Hogarth, Four Stages of Cruelty

Oscar Wilde, Portrait of Dorian Gray

James Hogg, Private Memoirs and Confessions of a Justified Sinner

Tennessee Williams, Suddenly Last Summer

Ronald Holmes, Legend of Sawney Bean

Lu Xun, “Diary of a Madman”


Race, Ethnicity, Imperialism, and Postcolonial Critique

Adams, Percy.  Travelers and Travel Liars, 1660-1800.  Berkeley: U of California P, 1962.

Achebe, Chinua.  “An Image of Africa: Racism in Conrad’s Heart of Darkness.”  Heart of Darkness: A Norton Critical Edition.  Ed Robert Kimbrough.  New York: Norton, 1988.  251-262.

Anderson, Benedict.  Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism.  New York: Verso, 1983.

Appiah, Anthony, “The Postcolonial and the Postmodern” ER.

Aravamudan, Srinivas.  “Petting Oroonoko,” Tropicopolitans.  ER.

Bhabhba, Homi, Location of Culture.  ER.

Barker, Francis, Peter Hulme, and Margaret Iversen, ed.  Cannibalism and the Colonial World.  New York: Cambridge UP, 1998.

Baker, Houston A. Jr., “Spike Lee and the Commerce of Culture.”  ER.

Castronovo, Russ.  “Political Necrophilia.”  Boundary 2: An International Journal of Literature and Culture 27.2 (Summer 2000):133.

Chow, Rey.  “Violence in the Other Culture” ER.

Conklin, Beth A. “Consuming Images: Representations of Cannibalism on the Amazonian Frontier.”  Anthropological Quarterly 70 (1997): 68-77.

Cottom, Daniel.  Cannibals and Philosophers: Bodies of Enlightenment.  Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 2001.

Fabian, Johannes.  “Of Dogs Alive, Birds Dead, and Time to Tell a Story” ER.

Festa, Lynn.  Sentimental Figures of Empire in Eighteenth-Century Britain and France.  Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 2006.

Fanon, Franz. “Fact of Blackness.”  Black Skins White Masks. ER.

Forbes, Jack.  Columbus and Other Cannibals: The Wétiko Disease of Exploitation, Imperialism and Terrorism. New York: Autonomedia, 1992.

hooks, bell. “Eating the Other.”  Back Looks: Race and Representations.  Boston: South End, 1992.  21-39. ER.

Kirshenblatt-Gimblett, Barbara.  Destination Culture.  ER.

Malchow Howard L.  “Cannibalism and Popular Culture.”  Gothic Images of Race in Nineteenth-Century Britain.  Stanford: Stanford UP, 1996.

Lukes, Steven.  Liberals and Cannibals: The Implications of Diversity.  New York: Verso, 2003.

Mitchell, W. J. Thomas, Landscape and Power  & Iconology: Image, Text, Ideology.  Chicago: U of Chicago P, 2002, 1986.

Narayan, Uma.  Dislocating Cultures. New York: Routledge, 1997. ER.

Neill, Anna.  British Discovery Literature and the Rise of Global Commerce.  New York: Palgrave, 2002.

Nyamnjoh, Francis B.  “Cannibal Transformations: Colonialism and Commodification in the Sierra Leone Hinterland.”  Magical Interpretations, Material Realities: Modernity, Witchcraft and the Occult in Postcolonial Africa.  Ed. Henrietta L. Moore and Todd Sanders.

Porter, David.  “Chinoiserie and the Aesthetics of Illegitimacy” ER.

Pratt, Mary Louise, “Arts of the Contact Zone” ER.

Rawson, Claude.  God, Gulliver, and Genocide: Barbarism and the European Imagination, 1492-1945.  Oxford: Oxford UP, 2001.

Shohat, Ella, and Robert Stam.  Unthinking Eurocentrism: Multiculturalism and the Media.  New York: Routledge, 1994.

—— . “Narrativizing Visual Culture: Towards a Polycentirc Aesthetics.” The Visual Culture Reader.  Ed. Nicholas Mirzoeff.  New York: Routledge, 2002 .  37-59.

Stoler, Ann Laura.  Carnal Knowledge and Imperial Power.  Berkeley: U of California P, 2002.

Sussman, Charlotte. Consuming Anxieties: Consumer Protest, Gender, and British Slavery, 1713-1833.

Thomas, Nicholas.  “The European Appropriation of Indigenous Things.” Entangled Objects: Exchange, Material Culture, and Colonialism in the Pacific.  Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 1991.

Weismantel, Mary.  “White Cannibals: Fantasies of Racial Violence in the Andes.”  Identities 4 (1997): 9-43.

Wilson, Kathleen.  The Island Race.  New York: Routledge, 2002.

Vaughan, Alden T. Transatlantic Encounters: American Indians in Britain, 1500-1776.  New York: Cambridge UP, 2006.

Anthropology, Sociology, and Cultural Studies

Ames, Michael M.  Cannibal Tours and Glass Boxes: The Anthropology of Museums.  Vancouver: UBC P, 1992.

Appadurai, Arjun.  The Social Life of Things: Commodities in Cultural Perspective.  Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1988.

Arens, W.  Man Eating Myth: Anthropology and Anthropophagy.  New York: Oxford UP, 1979.

Askenasy, Hans.  Cannibalism: From Sacrifice to Survival.  Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books, 1994.

Benedict, Ruth.  “The Uses of Cannibalism.”  An Anthropologist at Work: Writings of Ruth Benedict.  Ed. Margaret Mead.  New York: Equinox, 1959.  44-48.

Brown, Laura.  Limits of the Human.  Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2003.

Brown, Paula, and Doanld Tuzin, eds. The Ethnography of Cannibalism. Washington, DC: Society for Psychological Anthropology, 1983.

Bruner, Edward M.  “Of Cannibals, Tourists, and Ethnographers.”  Cultural Anthropology 4 (1989): 439-46.

Celestin, Roger. “Montaigne and the Cannibals: Toward a Redefinition of Exoticism.” Cultural Anthropology 5 (1990): 292-13.

Clifford, James.  The Predicament of Culture: Twentieth-Century Ethnography, Literature, and Art.  Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 1988.

Douglas, Mary.  Purity and Danger: An Analysis of the Concepts of Pollution and Taboo.  2nd Ed. Routledge, 2000.

Goldman, Laurence R.  Anthropology of Cannibalism.  Westport, CT: Bergin & Garvey, 1999.

Guest, Kristen, Ed.  Eating Their Words: Cannibalism and the Boundaries of Cultural Identity.  Albany: SUNY P, 2001.

Harris, Marvin.  Cannibals and Kings.  New York: Vintage, 1978.

Johnson, Norris Brock. “Cannibals and Culture: The Anthropology of Michel de Montaigne.”  Dialectical Anthropology 18 (1993): 153-76.

Kilgour, Maggie, From Communion to Cannibalism: An Anatomy of Metaphors of Incorporation.  Princeton, N.J.: Princeton UP, 1990.

Kirshenblatt-Gimblett, Barbara.  Destination Culture: Tourism, Museums, and Heritage.  Berkeley : U of California P, 1998.

MacCannell, Dean.  “Cannibalism Today.”  Empty Meeting Grounds: The Tourist Papers.  New York: Routledge, 1992.  17-73. 

Osborne, Lawrence.  “Does Man Eat Man?  Inside the Great Cannibalism Controversy.”  Lingua Franca (1997): 28-34.

Root, Deborah.  Cannibal Culture: Art, Appropriation, and the Commodification of Difference.  Boulder: Westeview, 1996. 

Sanday, Peggy Reeves.  Divine Hunger: Cannibalism as a Cultural System.  New York: Cambridge UP, 1986.

Tompkins, Jane, "Indians": Textualism, Morality, and the Problem of History."  ER.

Capitalism, Consumption, and Marxist Critique 

Benjamin, Walter “Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction” ER.

Bermingham, Ann, and John Brewer.  The Consumption of Culture 1600-1800: Image, Object, Text.  New York: Routledge, 1997.

Berger, John, Ways of Seeing

Brown, Norman O. “The Excremental Vision” and “Filthy Lucre.”  Life against Death: The Psychoanalytical Meaning of History.  Middletown: Wesleyan UP, 1959.

Chomsky, Noam.  “Manufacturing Consent”  Chomsky Reader.  ER.

Chow, Rey.  The Protestant Ethnic and the Spirit of Capitalism.  New York: Columbia UP, 2002.

Clover, Carol J.  Men, Women, and Chainsaws: Gender in the Modern Horror Film.  Princeton: Princeton UP, 1993.

Copjec, Joan.  “Vampires, Breast-Feeding, and Anxiety.” October 58 (Autumn 1991): 24-43. 

Culbertson, Philip.  Pee(k)ing into Derrida's Underpants: Circumcision, Textual Multiplexity, and the Cannibalistic Mother.”  Journal of Textual Reasoning.  10 (2001)

Daly, Mary.  Gyn/Ecology: The Metaethics of Radical Feminism.  Boston: Beacon P, 1990.

Douglas, Mary.  World of Goods: Towards an Anthropology of Consumption. 

Derrida, Jacques, “Violence and Metaphysics” ER.

Freire, Paulo.  “The ‘Banking’ Concept of Education” ER.

Gallagher, Catherine and Stephen Greenblatt.  “Potato and the Materialist Imagination.”  Practicing New Historicism.  ER.

Guillory, John.  Cultural Capital.  ER.

Gupta, Akhil.  “Reincarnation of Souls and the Rebirth of Commodities”

Hennessy, Rosemary.  Profit and Pleasure: Sexual Identities in Late Capitalism.  New York: Routledge, 2000.

Horkheimer, Max, and Theodor Adorno, “Culture Industry” ER.

Martyn, David.  "Sade's Ethical Economies."  ER.

Marx, Karl.  Economic and Philosophical Manuscripts of 1844, Eighteenth Brumaire, and Capital

Moretti, Franco.  “A Capital Dracula.”  Dracula: A Norton Critical Edition. Ed. Nina Auerbach and David J.Skal.  New York: Norton, 1997.  431-44.

Schama, Simon. The Embarrassment of Riches. New York: Vintage, 1997.

Paulson, Ronald.  Representations of Revolution.  New Haven: Yale UP, 1983.

Smith, Adam.  Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations

Stallybrass, Peter, and Allon White. “Politics and Poetics of Transgression" ER & “Bourgeois Hysteria & the Carnivalesque.”  Cultural Studies Reader.  New York: Routledge, 1993.

Weber, Max. “The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism

Zizek, Slavoj .  Sublime Object of Ideology.  ER

Sexuality and Gender

Alloula, Malek.  The Colonial Harem. . Trans. by Myrna Godzich and Wlad Godzich.  Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 1986.

Armstrong, Nancy.  “The Occidental Alice.”  Differences: A Journal of Feminist Cultural Studies 2.2 (1990): 3-40.

Berlant, Lauren, “Theory of Infantile Citizenship” and “"Live Sex Acts (Parental Advisory: Explicit Material)"” Queen of America Goes to Washington City.  ER.

Berlant, Lauren, and Michael Warner.   “Sex in Public” ER.

Bermingham, Ann. “The Picturesque and Ready-to-Wear Femininity.”  Landscape and Ideology: The English Rustic Tradition, 1740-1860.  Berkeley: U of California P, 1986.

Bersani, Leo.  Is the Rectum a Grave?” and Other Essays.  Chicago: U of Chicago P, 2009

Carpenter, Mary Wilson.  “‘Eat Me, Drink Me, Love Me’: The Consumable Female Body in Christina Rossetti's ‘Goblin Market.”  Victorian Poetry 29.4 (Winter 1991): 415-434.

Craft, Christopher.  “Kiss Me with Those Red Lips” (on Dracula) ER.

Duggan, Lisa.  Sapphic Slashers: Sex, Violence, and American Modernity.  Durham: Duke UP, 2001.

Felski, Rita. The Gender of Modernity. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1995.

Grosz, Elizabeth.  Volatile Bodies: Toward a Corporeal Feminism.  Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1994.

Mulvey, Laura.  “Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema.” ER.

Pateman, Carole.  The Sexual Contract.  ER.

Perry, Ruth. “Colonizing the Breast: Sexuality and Maternity in Eighteenth-Century England.” Journal of the History of Sexuality, Vol. 2, 1991

Russo, Mary “Female Grotesques"  ER.

Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky, “Towards the Gothic: Terrorism and Homosexual Panic” ER.

Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty.  "Can the Subaltern Speak?" ER.

White, Susan,.  “Male Bonding, Hollywood Orientalism, and the Repression of the Feminine” Arizona Quarterly (1988)

Zwinger, Lynda.  “Blood Relations: Feminist Theory Meets the Uncanny Alien Bug Mother.”  Hypatia 7.2 (Spring 1992): 74-90.

Addiction, the Body, and Excess

Brodie, Janet, and Marc Redfield, eds.  High Anxieties: Cultural Studies in Addiction.  Berkeley: U. of California P, 2002.

Bordo, Susan.  “Hunger as Ideology.”  Eating Culture.  Ed. Ron Scapp and Brian Seitz.  Albany: State U of New York P, 1998.

Fiddes, Nick.  Meat, a Natural Symbol.  New York: Routledge, 1991.

Flynn, Carol Houlihan.  The Body in Swift and Defoe.  Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1990.

Hilliard, Raymond F. “Clarissa and Ritual Cannibalism.” PMLA 105 (1990): 1083-97.

Pollak, Ellen. “Ingesting Incest.”  Incest and the English Novel, 1684-1814 . ER.

Scarry, Elaine.  The Body in Pain: The Making and Unmaking of the World.  New York: Oxford UP, 1985.

Scapp, Ron and Brian Seitz, ed.  Eating Culture.  Albany: State U of New York P, 1998.

Weiss, Gail and Honi Fern Haber, Ed.  Perspectives on Embodiment: The Intersections of Nature and Culture.  New York: Routledge, 1999.

Psychoanalytic and Post-Structuralist Approaches

Baudrillard, Jean, "Simulacra and Simulations” ER.

“Cannibalism.”  Jean Laplanche and J. B. Pontalis, The Language of Psycho-Analysis.  Norton, 1974.

Castle, Terry.  Masquerade and Civilization. ER.

Deleuze, Gilles. “The Body, the Meat and the Spirit: Becoming Animal”

Foucault, Michel.  “Panopticon,” Discipline and Punish, and “Of Other Spaces” ER.

Freud, Sigmund.  “The ‘Uncanny’” and Totem and Taboo

Fuss, Diana.  “Monsters of Perversion: Jeffrey Dahmer and The Silence of the Lambs.”  Media Spectacles.  Ed. Marjorie B. Garber, Jann Matlock, and Rebecca Walkowitz.  Routledge, 1993.  181-205.

Girard, René.  Violence and the Sacred.  Trans. Patrick Gregory.  Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1977.

Haraway, Donna.  “The Cyborg Manifesto.”  Simians, Cyborgs, and Women: The Reinvention of Nature.  New York: Routledge, 1991.

King, C. Richard.  “The (Mis)uses of Cannibalism in Contemporary Cultural Critique.”  Diacritics 30.1 (Spring 2000): 106-123.

Kristeva, Julia. Powers of Horror: An Essay on Abjection. Columbia UP, 1982

Nixon, Mignon.  “Bad Enough Mother.”  October 71 (Winter 1995): 70-92.

Snell-Hornby,  Mary. “Deconstruction, or the ‘Cannibalistic’ Approach.”  The Turns of Translation Studies

Walton, Priscilla L.  Our Cannibals, Ourselves.  Urbana:  U of Illinois P, 2004.

Vampires and Other Monsters in Literature and Film

Arata, Stephen D. “The Occidental Tourist: Dracula and the Anxiety of Reverse Colonization.”  Victorian Studies: A Journal of the Humanities, Arts and Sciences 33.4 (1990 Summer): 621-645.

Armstrong, Nancy.  “The Polygenetic Imagination.”  How Novels Think: The Limits of British Individualism from 1719-1900.  New York: Columbia UP, 2005.

Gelder, Ken.  Reading the Vampire.  New York: Routledge, 1994

Halberstam, Judith.  “Skinflick: Posthuman Gender in Jonathan Demme’s The Silence of the Lambs.”  Skin Shows: Gothic Horror and the Technology of Monsters.  Durham: Duke UP, 1995.  161-77. 

Jackson, Rosemary.  Fantasy: The Literature of Subversion.  New York: Routledge, 1981

Lestringant, Frank.  Cannibals: The Discovery and Representation of the Cannibal from Columbus to Jules Verne.  Trans. Rosemary Morris.  Berkeley: U of California P, 1997.

Morris, Rosalind C.  “Anthropology in the Body Shop: Lords of the Garden, Cannibalism, and the Consuming Desires of Televisual Anthropology.”  American Anthropologist 98 (1996): 137-50. 

Mukerji, Chandra, and Michael Schudson.  Rethinking Popular Culture: Contemporary Perspectives in Cultural Studies.  Berkeley: U of California P, 1991.

Nunes, Zita, Cannibal Democracy: Race and Representation in the Literature of the Americas.  Minneapolis: U of Minnesota Press, 2008.

Porter, David, “From Chinese to Goth: Walpole and the Gothic Repudiation of Chinoiserie.”  Eighteenth-Century Life 23.1 (February 1999): 46-58.

Richardson, Ruth. Death, Dissection, and the Destitute. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 2000.

Sanborn, Geoffrey, The Sign of the Cannibal: Melville and the Making of a Postcolonial Reader. Durham: Duke UP, 1998.

Stam, Robert.  Subversive Pleasures: Bakhtin, Cultural Criticism, and Film.  Baltimore: John Hopkins UP, 1989. 

Seltzer, Mark.  “Serial Killers I.”  differences: A Journal of Feminist Cultural Studies.  5.1 (Spring 1993): 92-129.

—— . “Serial Killers II: The Pathological Public Sphere.”  Critical Inquiry 22.1 (Autumn 1995): 122-49. 

Stone, Harry. The Night Side of Dickens: Cannibalism, Passion, Necessity.  Columbus: Ohio State UP, 1994.

Stewart, Susan.  On Longing: Narratives of the Miniature, the Gigantic, the Souvenir.  ER.

Tompkins, Jane.  “At the Buffalo Bill Museum — June 1988.”  South Atlantic Quarterly  89 (1990): 525-45.

Warner, Marina.  “Why Do Ogres Eat Babies?  Monstrous Paternity in Myth and Fairytales.”  Paternity and Fatherhood: Myths and Realities.  Ed. Lieve Spaas.  New York: St. Martin's, 1998.

Weaver-Hightower, Rebecca, Empire islands: Castaways, Cannibals, and Fantasies of Conquest. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 2007.